Automotive Each year, nearly 100 percent of the out-of-service automobiles are collected for recycling resulting in 15 million tons of steel scrap recycled from the market – the equivalent of 11.6 million automobiles. The National Automotive Dealers Association data shows that the automobile fleet continues to grow and the average age of vehicles on the road has increased. This means more steel is going into the auto market and staying on the roads longer, causing recycling rates to decrease slightly. While some people take their cars directly to the scrap yards, other people trade their cars in at automobile dealerships. Regardless of their path, most out-of-service autos eventually end up at the scrap yard. At the scrap yard reusable parts, such as doors, seats, hoods, trunk lids, windows, wheels and other parts are removed from the cars. During this same process, cars are drained of fluids, mercury switches are removed and the cars are prepared for environmentally responsible recycling. Once the cars are stripped of reusable parts, the remaining automobile hulks enter the shredder. The shredding process for cars lasts only 45 seconds. The shredder, rips the car into fist-sized chunks of steel, nonferrous metals and fluff (non-recyclable rubber, glass, plastic, etc). The iron and steel are magnetically separated from the other materials and recycled. The metal scrap is then shipped to secondary processors (often scrap brokers) or steel mills where it is recycled to produce new steel.